Yet, when looked at closely, these seemingly-secular ideas rather too clearly betray their origins in Christian doctrines.
By looking closely at ethnographical parallels together with recent 'Dark Age' scholarship Bob Trubshaw starts to strip away these more recent ideas.
Drawing upon a wide range of traditional worldviews, she sets out ways of mentally 'banishing' such pervasive enchantments and empowering the reader to create their own enchantments.
This is the second book in the Living in a Magical World series.
This begins to reveal how pre-Christian Anglo-Saxons might have thought about the differences between souls and spirits – and the similarities of spirits and deities. More especially, this study aims to establish what the meaning and significance of these carvings might have been, based in large part on evidence from early Christian stone crosses.
First published January 2012; substantially revised January 2016. In the process this study sheds light on the way these motifs would have been understood by people at the time which is not necessarily how such imagery came to be regarded a few centuries later.
The fifth volume of this series looks in more detail at the locations of such carvings. All such early churches favour waterside locations, often quite dramatic ones in loops or on cliffs.
This pioneering investigation looks in detail at Leicestershire and Wiltshire and reveals that the earliest churches favour the upper reaches, often at places on trade routes and with fords.